§ 701.


The following terms shall have the meanings set forth below.


”Alternative Daily Cover” or ”ADC” means materials, other than soil, that have been approved by the California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery (“CalRecycle”) or a successor agency for use as a temporary overlay on an exposed landfill face.


“Beneficial reuse” means the reuse of material at a landfill that does not include ADC but shall include, but not be limited to, use of the material for or as the following: alternative intermediate cover; final cover foundation layer; liner operations layer; leachate and landfill gas collection system; construction fill; road base; wet weather operations pads and access roads; and, soil amendments for erosion control and landscaping. “Beneficial reuse” does not include disposal of material at a landfill.


“BioMass Energy Generation” means the controlled combustion, when separated from other solid waste and used for producing electricity or heat, of wood, wood chips, wood waste, and tree and brush prunings. “Bio-mass Energy Generation” does not include the controlled combustion of recyclable pulp or recyclable paper materials, or medical or hazardous waste.


“Building” means:


Any structure used for support or shelter of any use or occupancy. “Structure” means that which is built or constructed, an edifice or building of any kind, or any piece of work artificially built or composed of parts joined together in some definite manner and permanently attached to the ground.


“Building” includes office buildings, libraries, recreation centers, museums, airport buildings, public safety buildings, hospitals, clinics, education centers, transportation facilities, cruise ship terminals, marina buildings, convention facilities, and other structures.


“Building” does not include machinery, equipment, or appliances installed for manufacture or process purposes only, any construction installation that is not part of a building, or any tunnel, roadway or bridge, or any vehicle or mobile equipment.


“CALGreen” means the California State Green Building Code as adopted by San Francisco Building Code Chapter 13C.


“City department” means any department of the City and County of San Francisco. City department does not include any other local agency or any federal or State agency, including but not limited to, the San Francisco Unified School District, the San Francisco Community College District, the San Francisco Redevelopment Agency and the San Francisco Housing Authority.


“City-owned Facility” means any building owned by the City and County of San Francisco. “City-owned Facility” includes City-owned facilities or portions thereof that the City leases to non-City entities.


“City Leasehold” means a building or portion thereof owned by others where the City is a tenant.


“City Representative” means the employee of the City who oversees the construction and/or demolition process for a City construction and/or demolition project and is responsible for ensuring that the contractor complies with all aspects of the contract documents.


“Commission” means the Commission on the Environment.


“Commissioning Process” means an independent process to ensure the attainment of quality facilities pursuant to this Chapter. The commissioning process verifies and documents that the energy using systems in buildings are installed, tested, and operate as designed. The Commissioning Process shall coordinate with, but not include, routine inspections performed by the code official having jurisdiction.


“Construction and Demolition Debris” or “C & D Debris” means building materials and solid waste generated from construction and demolition activities, including, but not limited to:  fully-cured asphalt; concrete; brick; rock; soil; lumber; gypsum wallboard; cardboard and other associated packaging; roofing material; ceramic tile; carpeting; fixtures; plastic pipe; metals; and, tree stumps and other vegetative matter resulting from land clearing and landscaping for construction, deconstruction, demolition or land developments. “Construction and Demolition Debris” does not include refuse regulated under the 1932 Refuse Collection and Disposal Ordinance or sections of the Municipal Code that implement the provisions of that ordinance, or materials excavated from the public right-of-way. “Construction and Demolition Debris” does not include “hazardous waste,” as defined in California Health and Safety Code Sections 25100 et seq.


“Construction Project” means any building, planning or construction activity, including demolition, new construction, major alteration, or building additions by a City department at a City-owned Facility, or City Leasehold.


“Contractor” means the company or person to whom the City awards a contract for a construction and/or demolition project. The contractor is responsible for complying with all aspects of Section 708 of this Chapter and for ensuring that all subcontractors, lower-tier subcontractors and suppliers also comply.


“Deconstruction” means the process of taking apart a structure with the primary goal of preserving the value of all useful building materials, so that they may be reused or recycled.


“Demolition Project” means the decimating, razing, ruining, tearing down or wrecking of any facility, structure, pavement, building, wall or fence, whether in whole or in part and whether interior or exterior.


“Department” means the Department of the Environment.


”Design Phases” means the generally-accepted stages of architectural design:  conceptual design, schematic design, design development and construction documents.


“Director” means the Director of the Department of the Environment or his or her designee.


“Disposal” means final deposition of material at a legally operating permitted landfill that does not include beneficial reuse or at a permitted transformation facility. A legally operating, permitted landfill includes Class III landfills and inert fills. Disposal of inert materials at inert fills or inert backfill sites does not constitute recycling.


Diversion” means use of material for any purpose other than disposal in a landfill or transformation facility, such as source reduction, reuse, recycling, and composting activities that do not result in material being disposed at permitted landfills and transformation facilities.


Diversion Rate” means the percentage of total material that is diverted from disposal at permitted landfills and transformation facilities through processes such as source reduction, reuse, recycling, and composting.


“Green Building Certification Institute” or “GBCI” is the body providing independent third-party LEED certification and professional credentials recognizing excellence in green building performance and practice.


“Hazardous Material” means any material defined as hazardous in California Health and Safety Code Sections 25100 et seq., as amended.


“Indoor Air Quality” means the quality of indoor air, including the concentration of particulates, fumes, odors, carbon dioxide, etc.


“Indoor Environmental Quality” means the quality of the indoor environment, including air quality, thermal quality, acoustical quality, daylight, views and controllability of systems.


“Landfill” means a facility that (i) accepts for disposal in or on land non-hazardous waste such as household, commercial, and industrial waste, and waste generated during construction, remodeling, repair and demolition operations, and (ii) has a valid current solid waste facilities permit from the California Department of Resources Recycling and Recover (CalRecycle).


“Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design” or “LEED®” is an internationally recognized green building certification system developed by the USGBC, providing third-party verification that a building or community was designed and built using strategies aimed at improving performance across all the following metrics: energy savings; water efficiency; CO 2 emissions reduction; improved indoor environmental quality; and, stewardship of resources and sensitivity to their impacts. LEED provides building owners and operators with a concise framework for identifying an implementing practical and measurable green building design, construction, operations, and maintenance solutions. LEED certified buildings are rated on a scale from lowest to highest: LEED Certified, LEED Silver, LEED Gold and LEED Platinum. Wherever specific LEED prerequisites or credits are cited, such references are to LEED building Design and Construction (BD+C) 2009. More recent LEED versions may be used, provided the credits and points achieved are at least as stringent as LEED BD+C 2009.


“LEED Accredited Professional” or “LEED AP” means an employee of a City department or a consultant retained by the City through a design or construction contract or other agreement who has fulfilled all requirements and passed the LEED accreditation exam issued by GBCI in applying LEED principles to technical fields of practice in building design, construction and operations.


“LEED Project Administrator” means the individual member of the design team who registers a project with GBCI, and subsequently administers the LEED documentation process. For San Francisco municipal construction projects, the LEED Project Administrator shall be a LEED AP.


“LEED Scorecard” means a summary chart indicating all LEED prerequisites and credits being pursued and reasonably expected to be achieved for a construction project.


“Major Alteration” means construction work that is extensive enough such that normal building operations cannot be performed while the work is in progress, and/or a new certificate of occupancy, or similar official indication that it is fit and ready for use, is required.


“Minimum Project Requirements” or “MPR” means the minimum requirements for projects to become LEED certified, as issued by the USGBC.


“Mixed Construction & Demolition debris” or “Mixed C & D Debris” means “Construction and Demolition Debris” or “C&D Debris,” but excluding materials source-separated for reuse or recycling.


“New Construction” means construction from the ground up, including a new building envelope, and new structural, mechanical, electrical and plumbing systems.


“Person” means a natural person, a firm, joint stock company, business concern, association, partnership or corporation or, to the extent permitted by law, governmental entity, including the City and County of San Francisco and its departments, boards and commissions for projects within the nine counties surrounding the San Francisco Bay, and its or their successors or assigns.


“Recover” or “Recovery” means any activity, including source reduction, deconstruction and salvaging, reuse, recycling and com posting, which, causes materials to be recovered for use as a resource and diverted from disposal.


“Recycle” or “Recycling” means the process of collecting, sorting, cleansing, treating, and reconstituting materials that would otherwise become solid waste, and returning them to the economic mainstream in the form of raw material for new, reused, or reconstituted products which meet the quality standards necessary to be used in the marketplace. “Recycling” does not include “transformation,” as defined in Section 40201 of California Public Resources Code.


“Recycling Facility” means an operation or person that collects and processes materials for recycling.


“Registered Facility” means a facility that accepts mixed construction and demolition debris for processing and recycling and holds a valid registration issued by the City and County of San Francisco pursuant to Chapter 14 of the Environment Code.


“Registered Transporter” means a person who removes mixed construction and/or demolition (C&D) debris from a construction and/or demolition site, using a vehicle with more than two axles or two tires per axle (such as a large pickup truck with four tires on the rear axle or three-axle dump trucks), and hauling at least one (1) cubic yard of mixed construction and demolition debris. A “Registered Transporter” must hold a valid registration from the City and County of San Francisco and is obligated to take all mixed C&D material only to a Registered Facility.


“Reuse” means using an object or material again, either for its original purpose or for a similar purpose, without significantly altering the physical form of the object or material.


“Source Reduction” means any action which causes a net reduction in the generation of solid waste. Source reduction includes, but is not limited to, reducing the use of non-recyclable materials, replacing disposable materials and products with reusable materials and products, reducing packaging, reducing the amount of yard wastes generated, establishing garbage rate structures with incentives to reduce waste tonnage generated, and increasing the efficiency of the use of paper, cardboard, glass, metal, plastic, and other materials.


“Source-Separated Materials” means materials that have been separated or kept separate from the solid waste stream, at the point of generation, for the purpose of reuse, recycling or composting in order to return them to the economic mainstream in the form of raw material for new, reused, or reconstituted products which meet the quality standards necessary to be used in the marketplace.


The “United States Green Building Council” or “USGBC” is a non-profit organizations committed to a prosperous and sustainable future for our nation through cost-efficient and energy-saving green buildings.


(Added and former Sec. 701 repealed by Ord. 88-04, File No. 030679, App. 5/27/2004; amended by Ord. 204-11, File No. 110854, App. 10/11/2011, Eff. 11/10/2011)


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